Alexandroy Makedononv



Be proud Philippoy, the glorious Vasileos Makedon,
Rejoice, Makedonia, our dearest land,
Why you are the father of Alexandoy,
And you are called his homeland.



ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ     ΑΛΕΑΝΔΡY  - Г -  THIRD   MAKEΔNΩN  - Ancient Makedonian (Koinon Makedonon) alphabet - the letter '' Г - G '' was number 3, the number sign ''3'' is Arabic, meaning later


It is the official name and is unique, there is no need for "numbers"





Philippoy and Alexandroy Makedonon

Philippoy and Alexandroy Makedonon

Father & Son

Alexandroy Makedonon

Be proud Philippoy, the glorious Vasileos Makedon,
Rejoice, Makedonia, our dearest land,
Why you are the father of Alexandoy,
And you are called his homeland.

Оy, оy, оy, we are few in number,
Оy, оy, оy, in battle we are stronger.
Alexandroy Makedonon, leads us,
Оy, оy, оy, Vasileon Маkedon, ON, ON - (he is).

By the Mercy of God,
until to India, all trampled, eternity gave us.
Alexandroy, Alexandroy Makedonon, from God for us the holy gift,
Alexandroy, Alexandroy Makedonon, our glory Vasileon Маkedon.

Damn it is,..
Damn it is,..
Damn it is !
Damn it is who poisoned Alexandroy Makedonon, our glory Vasileon Маkedon.
Еy, Makedonians,.. ey, Makedonians,
miserable you are,... miserable you are ,... nobody you are,
nobody we are and nothing we have without Alexandroy Makedonon, our glory Vasileon Маkedon.

Blood nourishes the earth,
in blood all people die and are born.
Blood is the food of the gods.
Down there for centuries we offended,...
Еy, we Makedonians give the holy word:
From Makedonia and Alexandroy Makedonon, our glory Vasileon Маkedon, we will never give up.
Glory Makedonian We will bring back,
Alexandroy Makedonon, our glory Vasileon Маkedon we adore,
Makedonia, our dearest land we respect.

Where is the flowing water,... it will still flow,
Alexandroy Makedonon, our glory Vasileon Маkedon, he said so.
Alexandroy Makedonon, it's Маkedon,

Маkedon it's Alexandroy Makedonon, ON, ON - (he is).
Еy, to know, Alexandroy Makedonon, our glory Vasileon Маkedon, is Makedon,
Makedon is Alexandroy Makedonon.
Hei to know: Alexandroy Makedonon glory Vasileon (king of kings) Makedon, we Makedonians don't give.
oy, oy, oy, we don't care for your number,
oy, oy, oy, in the battle we are stronger.
EI, Alexandroy, OY, OY!
EI, Makedonon, ON, ON!
Alexandroy Makedonon glory Vasileon Makedon, us lead

ALEXANDROY - A LE XAN DR OY - , here "XAN - KSAN", is interpreted as "holy".

А - for
LЕ - medicine
XAN-KSAN - holy
D'R - gift 
ОЈ - оy

For cure holy gift oy - Аlexandroy.





Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy - Copies Medusa and Nicaea - Archaeological Museum of Skopje, Republic of Macedonia


''The world belongs to the brave''





''Fame is not achieved by other's hands''









Vasileon Мakedonon Аlеxаndroy, oy, oy

Alexandroy Makedonon





Alexandroy Makedonon Alexandroy Makedonon















VASILEON MAKEDONON ALEXANDROY in Battle - Taranto, National Archaeological Museum, Italy - 3rd century BC

VASILEON MAKEDONON ALEXANDROY in Battle - Taranto, National Archaeological Museum, Italy - 3rd century BC

VASILEON MAKEDONON ALEXANDROY in Battle - Taranto, National Archaeological Museum, Italy - 3rd century BC



A fake medallion

This is a fake medallion by Island of Dze (Tasso). Greeks caught forging.



How it should look approximately then ''aspida'' (sword) of the aVsileon Makedono Alexandroy


           Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy  was born in BELLAS - светол,  illuminated,  BELLASTI - the illuminated), Makedonia on month said ''LOY'' in Makedonian  and that on the sixth day (July 20, 356 BC after the new reckoning of time), was the ruler of Makedonia from the Argeadi lineage and ruled from 336 BC. to 323 BC., Vasileon of Vasileondon Macedonia.He was one of the most successful military leaders in human history, liberator, unifier and lord of lords of the ancient world eternally glorious.

The name of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy - Aleksandar Makedonski is unique and there is no need for the addition as like "Third'' and negative political names should absolutely be avoided: "veliki", "the great", "magno", "magnus" etc.. which have the main goal of denying the Makedonian identity.

- Vasileos - you're light (king),

- Vasileon - you're the brightest, you're unique light of light (king of the kings).

Vasileos (king - you're light in Makedonian) after Vasileon (king of the kings), ''Makedonon'' - is the title inherited from his father the Makdonian ruler Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy, so this is not a surname but the title, and after his son there are others are not ''MAKEDONON - HE is Makedon'', it can be said that all others afterwards are usurpers of the Makedonian throne.

           Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was born from the marriage of Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy and the Makedonian Vasilitsa Olympia, otherwise a princess of Molossia, in three hundred and fifty-six years BC at the beginning of the month of ''Loy'', on the sixth day. On that day the temple of Artemis in Ephexion (not Ephesus) was burned. From this Hagest of Magnesia uttered the saying which with its cold could extinguish the fire in the temple:

Of course, that temple must have burned down when Artemis became a grandmother at the birth of Vasileon Alexandoy ”.

His coming into the world was a sign of victory

          Plutarch say that his birth was foretold to Vasileos Philippoy and Vasilissas Olympia.

           Namely, Vasilissas Olympia dreamed that a thunderbolt hit her body and set it all on fire.

Vasilitsas Olympia, fantasy 14th century AD - museum in Madrid

Understandably, her mystical mind immediately associated thunder with DZE - the God of light, the ILE god of the Sun, and regarded it as an expression of the personal interest of this god - protector of her family and her future fertility

          Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy, dreamed a dream in which he sealed the womb of Vasilissas Olympia with a seal bearing the imprint of a lion

          When the dreams of the court prophet Aristander of Telmes were told, he immediately concluded that Vasilisis Olympia was pregnant and carrying a child who would have a lion character

          On the same day that his son Alexandroy was born, messengers arrived to Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy informing him of the victory over the Illyrians and the victory of his horse at the Olympic Games. The special qualities that Alexandroy possessed and showed from a young age justified Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy hope that his son had the desired heir

         Alexandroy in it he merged the many character traits of both his parents

       From his mother, a temperamental woman subject to the faith in magic inherited a passionate and less stubborn person, an irrational longing to meet the unknown and a belief in a special heroic glory, which decided his fate

        He inherited from his father the indomitable will and energy, indomitable character, courage, fame, military gift and extraordinarily practical spirit

       His mother was closer to his soul and the influence of this temperamental woman left an indelible mark on him.

        His father's diplomatic, military, and political success, in turn, fueled his ambition and ignited his dreams of leadership and fame.

Plutarch mentions that:

 “Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy did not want to receive gold, luxury and enjoyment from his father, but wanted a state that would give him the opportunity for battles, wars and deeds full of honor and glory”. 

         However Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy to the Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy owed him much more than one state. No one could direct him better in the military skill than the man whose power was constantly winning, and the army created by his father was the most perfect weapon one could only desire to achieve his desires. Although busy with himself and his affairs, indifferent and rude to his closest, Vasileos Philippoy obviously had weaknesses towards his successor and followed with pride and enjoyment the development of his strong individuality

        The young prince Alexandroy was raised by Lenka, the sister of Klito the Black, his future general and bodyguard in battle. Later by Leonid who was very strict. A relative of his mother Vasilitsas Olympia who was Lisimahoy uncle

One of the young prince Alexandroy first teachers was Leonid, a relative of Vasilitsas Olympia, who struggled to control the defiant boy.
Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy hired Leonid to train young people in math, archery, and horseback riding (training and caring for horses). Alexandroy favorite teacher was Lisimachoy.
This teacher devised a game in which the young prince Alexandroy imitated the hero Achil, АCH (ah) - IL - the god of the sun.
Achil was a hero-warrior from a famous ancient poem called The Iliad, or - ILI YADA - War of ILI .
Achil became the model of the noble warrior for Vasileos Alexandroy, and he set an example for this hero.
This game delighted Vasilitsas Olympia because her family claims the hero as an ancestor.

      When prince Alexandroy was 10 years old a horseman from Dzetsalia (Thessaly) brought a horse to Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy. The horse refused to be ridden, so Vasileos Philippoy ordered it to be removed. The young prince Alexandroy, however, asked to try to ride the horse and tame it. Vasileos Philippoy initially refused but then agreed. The young prince Alexandroy saw that the horse was afraid of his shadow, so he positioned the horse opposite the sun, then calmed him down and ride the horse. He named the horse Bukefil - Buka head, hard head - hard faithful.


Alexandroy and Bukefil - Buka head, hard head - hard faithful

                        The Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy told to he son Alexandroy after this event:

  '' My dear son, find another country to rule, because Makedonia is too small for you ''.

Bukefil - Buka head

An ancient stone statue of a horse v. Bigla - Makedonia

Bukefil - Buka head, hard head - hard faithful

At the age of 13, the vasileos Makedonon Philippoy thought that his son needed to be educated at a higher level.
Many teachers were rejected by the vasileos Makedonon Philippoy such as: Isocrates, Speusipus. He entrusted that work to Aristotle of Stagira - Halkideon. The Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy undertook to rebuild this city previously destroyed by him. Thus Aristotel, who had previously resided from the Dzenica (Asia Minor) the island of Lesbos, came to Makedonia in Madze (most likely ''Miezi,'', the original inscription of the name of the territory should be seen) where the young prince Alexandroy was educated with other nobles

    Born of such a mother and father, the young prince Alexandroy also had the good fortune to become a student of the greatest philosopher and scientist in antiquity. When the prince Alexandroy was fourteen, the vasileos Makedonon Philippoy brought Aristotel to Makedonia and entrusted him with the upbringing of his son. Aristotel born in Stagira, Halkideon (Halkidik) - Makedonia.

VERY IMPORTANT: should be noted that although Aristotel educated in Adzena (or Adzana) he is Makedonian, and proves and the Adzana University has not received Aristotl as equal since Aristotel was Makedonian.


(The Adzaians, intoxicated with joy over the death of the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy. The Adzaian priest Eurimedon files a lawsuit against Aristotel. Aristotel, sentenced to death, returns to Makedonia, more precisely, to the island of Eyvoya (Euboea), where he dies ... here are the Adzaians.)

     Aristotel was then about forty years old and was still one of Plato's most prominent studentsfar from his further glory. He was the son-in-law and friend of the ruler of Dzenika (Asia Minor), Hermiy, who maintained good relations with the vasileos Makedonon Philippoy. After the death of Plato, Aristotle retired to the court of Hermiy, where he was when the vasileos Makedonon Philippoy invited him to Makedonia.

           Aristotle's meeting with the young prince Alexandroy is described as "one of the greatest moments in the history of mankind. Although prince Alexandroy was still a child and a potential heir to the throne, and Aristotle had not yet begun his fruitful scientific activity which would glorify him through the centuries, we can not but see in them what will later become: an ingenious, heroic military leader, unifier of Adzeia (Asia) and Dzeia (Europe), and an ingenious philosopher, in which it merged, matured and culminatedlong-standing philosophical and scientific mind.

Aristotle the Makedonian Aristotle  the Makedonian

       In the small town of Madze, in the interior of Makedonia, in the city of Nympheon, the future vasileos-ruler and his fellow peers were brought up. Aristotel did not think that the future ruler needed special instruction that would practically prepare him for the duty that awaited him. Gymnastics, horseback riding, hunting, and games have been replaced by poetry readings and poetry readings, as well as geometry, astronomy, rhetoric, and heuristics. Aristotel instilled in his young student a great love for poetry. He recited Homer's poems for him, and prince Alexandroy never separated himself from these works. His favorite heroes were Arakle (Makedon) and Achil, whom he considered his ancestors.

Aristotel influence on the Makedonian prince Alexandroy teaching can also be attributed to his great interest in the natural sciences, after which his conquering wars often took the form of research expeditions that enriched geography, ethnology, biology, botany, meteorology, and many other sciences.

However, in what seems most important to us when it comes to the future vasileos (ruler) and military leader, in political terms, there was never a real understanding between the Makedonian prince Alexandroy and his teacher.

In his attitude towards the Makedonians, the Makedonian prince Alexandroy was primarily a follower of the Antisthenes school which was a long tradition of the Makedonian court, and not of Aristotel. However, the teacher's task is not only to convey his / her ideas to the student, but also to broaden his / her horizons and prepare him for independent thinking. Aristotel remained on the Makedonian court until prince Alexandroy accession to the throne of Makedonia, but his teaching mission lasted a maximum of three more years.

The young vasileos, despite the teachings of Aristotel, remained Makedonian, but he learned to respect all cultures and saw the positive side of all of them

    When prince Alexandroy was 16 years old, his lessons with Aristotel were interrupted. When Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy went to attack Py (not Vyzantion), sixteen-year-old prince Alexandroy was left as regent in Makedonia. While he was regent and his father When Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy was condemned, the Thracian Maedai tribe is rebelled. The prince Alexandroy responded quickly, quelling the rebellion of that tribe and settling Makedonians on their territory and rebuilding the city of Alexandreon. When Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy returned from Py, prince Alexandroy, with a small army, was sent to quell several more revolts in Thracia. He was then sent to secure his father's life during the siege of the city of Berintion (not Perinthion). Meanwhile, the city of Amphisa began plundering the holy lands of the god Dze near Delphi. Still occupied in Thrace, Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy ordered prince Alexandroy to gather an army to prevent attacks by this city-state, but Makedonia was attacked by the Illyrians. This Illyrian attack was repulsed by Makedonian army led by prince Alexandroy.

 The Makedonian prince Alexandroy was brave always wanted to be the first, buth for DESERVED and very jealous of his father, .. saying:      

   '' If my father continues to win like that, there will be nothing left for me to win ''.

НОВАТА воена техника на Александар Македонски  

THE NEW military tactic of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy

              338 BC Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy with his army and prince Alexandroy marched towards Dzermople (Thermobili), where they collided with a garrison at Dzeva (Thebes) and set out to occupy Elatia. Meanwhile, Adzana under Demosthenes voted to unite against Makedonia. Adzana sent emissaries and asked Dzeva to unite and become allies.
            The Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy, supported by ''the Holy League'', marched on Amphisa, blocked the mercenaries sent by Demosthenes, and accepted the surrender of the city. Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy then withdrew from Elatea and offered peace with Dzeva and Adzena which was rejected by Dzeva and Adzena.
The Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy with 30,000 infantry and 3,000 cavalry welcomed them at Aroneia - Voia (Boeotia). The combined Dzevan-Adzaian forces numbered about 30,000 troops. After a long confrontation with them, Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy ordered the right side of the Makedonian army to withdraw, where the Adzaians were, a gap was opened in the middle from where the Makedonian cavalry - HETAIROI - Battalion Heroes under the leadership of prince Alexandroy attacked the Dzevns - The Sacred Dzevan Battalion, their most elite army, but also attacked the Adzaians from behind, while Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy attacked them even harder now, the Adzaians began to escape. The Adzaians under Demosthenes and Stratokle, who was an amateurs and they did not understand military tactics, but in provocations, insults and gossip, yes

       After a strong fight, prince Alexandroy managed to TOTALLY destroy the holy Dzevan company. 254 Dzevan soldiers from the Sacred Dzevan Battalion were killed. The other captured Dzevn soldiers were sold as slaves, with which Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy set up a military base in Dzeva. From Dzeva, Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy went to Adzana and handed over the captured Adzaian soldiers. For this gesture, the Adzaians made a life-size statue of the Makedonian Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy. He then marched on Qudze or Gorindze (Corinth) where he formed The League of Dze (not ''Corinthian League''), WHICH LEAGUE OF DZE SHOULD SERVE THE MAKEDONIAN RULERS. Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy was elected a lifelong leader as well as the future Makedonian rulers. They agreed to support Makedonia AGAINST THE WAR AGAINST PERSIA, and only Sparta was against.
          After returning to Bellas, Makedonia, Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy fell in love with a young noblewoman named Kleopatra Evrydika, who was the granddaughter of one of his generals, Atal. Then position od prince Alexandroy changed, as he succeeded of Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy. He could have lost that position

        During the festivities of Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy and Eurydice, Attal, drunk and asked the gods to give birth to a son, who would be the ruler of Makedonia. Then prince Alexandroy shouted angrily:


... and he threw the cup from which he drank towards Atal.

   Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy drunk took out his sword and approached Alexander, but stumbled and fell. Then prince Alexandroy said angrily:


  Then the prince Alexandroy fled Makedonia.
       He went to Dodona in Molossia to his Vasilissas Olympia mother's brother, then he went to Illyria where he was received as a guest, although they lost a few years ago

       The prince Alexandroy after six months THANK YOU FOR THE DIPLOMACY OF HIS FRIEND DIMITRI FROM QUDZEE, returned to Makedonia.
       The following year, the strpot - the governor of Dzenika,

PIXAODAROY - Pichodar, offered his older daughter for the wife of the epileptically ill prince Aridey the future Philippoy THIRD. The prince Alexandroy he did not agree with that and sent Dzetsaliy from Qudze to Pichodar with a that message::


       When prince Aridey heard this, he rebuked prince Alexandroy, because he wanted to marry Pixodaroy - Pichodar's daughter. For that the prince Aridey sent four best friends of the prince Alexandroy into exile: Harpal, Nearch, Ptolemy, and Erigoy, and Dzetsaliy from Qudze sent him to prison.

      336 BC At the wedding of the daughter of the Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy, Kleopatra with she mother Olympia's brother Alexander FIRST of Molossia in the city of Aga (Aegea), Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy was killed by Paysania in the theater. The two are said to have had an unresolved problem. Paysania he tried to escape but was killed by those who persecuted him, among those who persecuted Paysania were also two friends of the prince Alexandroy, Berdicca and Leonat.

      Then the prince Alexandroy HE WAS PROCLAIMED OF VASILEOS (king) of Makedonia, VASILEOS - YOUR LIGHT of Makedonia, FROM THE MAKEDONIAN ARMY and the Makedonian nobles. 

Then the prince Alexandroy HE WAS PROCLAIMED OF VASILEOS (king) of Makedonia, VASILEOS - YOUR LIGHT of Makedonia, FROM THE MAKEDONIAN ARMY and the Makedonian nobles

Coronation with a fresh laurel wreath, the symbol of the God of the Sun - Dze

Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy on the Makedonian throne

 Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy on the Makedonian throne 

 How his father contributes to perfecting the Makedonian phalanx, especially the Makedonian cavalry - HETAIROI - ''BATTALION OF HEROES'' AND FORMES ITS OWN BODYGUARDS UNDER THE NAME '' КUMITI '' - ''cumitatos'' as historians write, just like his father with '' The Silver Spears ''





Among other important military innovations from the time of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy is the linen armor, which gave greater mobility to the army and voedo and adequate protection of the body, in contrast to the bronze and iron armor which was heavy and much less mobile.

Vasileos - YOURE LIGHT - Makedonon Alexandroy ruler of Makedonia


 Во 336.г.п.н.е. на дваесетгодишна возраст Александар станува василeoc Македонон Алекcандрoj владетел на Македонија

In 336 BC at the age of twenty the prince Alexandroy become Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy ruler of Makedonia..

Lorandite, is the foreign name for this mineral

According to scientists, thallium can lead to an inexhaustible source of energy.

There are 32 known thallium minerals, 17 of which can be found in the Alshar mine in the Republic of Macedonia. The most famous mineral of thallium is certainly lorandite.

According to legend, the power of lorandite was first discovered the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, it is believed that the Makedonian phalanx coated its shields with lorandite.




     Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy began his reign by assassinating his cousin Amyntoy FOURTH, he then killed two princes of Aracleon Lynk, while the third was spared. Vasilitsas Olympia killed Cleopatra Evrydike with her newborn baby of Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy, who ordered them to be burned alive. When Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy learned of this, he became very angry with his mother. Atal, who was at the time in the Makedonian reconnaissance in Dzenika, was also ordered to be killed. Atal corresponded with Demosthenes about the situation in Adzena. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy spared his brother Aridey.

In the meantime, the news of the death of Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy in Adzenica (Attica is the future term named under Roman) was received with general relief, because no Danai officer or statesman returned home from the Aga's celebrationdid not think that young Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, even if he manages to retain the throne, will be able to carry out the military plans of the slain ruler, everyone assumed that Makedonia would surely be quiet for many years now, city - states will be free to reject agreements with their aggressive northern neighbor or let them fail.

      At the news of the assassination of Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy, Dzetsalia, Dzeva, Adzena in the south, and the Thracians in the north immediately revolted.
     Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy responded quickly. He tried to use diplomacy first.
     He surrounded Dzetsalia with 3,000 horsemen. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was behind Olymp and the Osa Pass. So the Dzetsalians surrendered, and the Dzetsalians cavalry joined the side of Makedonia

      Thus Makedonians continued down to the Peninsula of Dze. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy stopped at Thermobili Pass, where he was elected leader of the Holy League. Dzeva, who was most active against him, immediately surrendered when he and the Makedonian army appeared at its gates. Adzena asked him for peace, and in Qudez (or Gorindze) he was elected "Agamemnon" - leader of the League of Dze. While in Qudze, he received news that the Thracian uprising had spread.

      335 BC Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy invaded Thrace to deal with the rebellion, which was led by the Illyrians and the Tribals. On the way to Agriani he was reinforced by a Payonin tribe led by Langar - the Agrianians special forces of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy.

       The army marched to the Haem crossing where it encountered two Thracian garrisons stationed at high altitudes. The Thracians made combat devices with which they threw stones at the Makedonians. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy ordered them to attack in a diluted formation, with the help of the Makedonian archers who attacked the fortified place with fire arrows, so that the heavy infantry reached the top of the hill. Meanwhile, the Tribals, led by their ruler Surm, attacked the Makedonians from behind, but they were repulsed at on a clearing where they were run over by the Makedonian phalanx and cavalry, killed about 3,000 enemy soldier.

In the spring he (Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy) headed for Thrace, against the Tribals and the Illyrians; he knew that the Illyrians and the Tribals were belligerent, and because they were also his neighbors, he did not think he should leave them before leaving home so far away, without completely subduing them. Thrace, the territory of the independent Thracians, was invaded starting from Amphipolition ... They (the Thracians) had taken the peak of Chaimos (today's Stara Planina - Old Mountain) and were prepared to hinder the advance of the expedition ... They had assembled combat vehicles... to serve as a defensive fortification if they will be pressed. They also planned... where the steepest mountain is, to push the cars towards the Makedonian phalanx....

Ancient war chariot

... And it came to pass exactly as he commanded and predicted Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy. Namely, one part of the battle cars passed the phalanx, and the others, rolling over the shields, did little damage and no one died under the battle chariots. And then, when they saw that the war chariots, of which they were most afraid, could not harm them, The Makedonians were also encouraged by the battle shout attacked the Thracians. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy he ordered the archers from the right wing to come in front of the rest of the Makedonian phalanx from which they would throw arrows at the Thracians during each of their attacks. He himself took the soldiers from the guard, the shield-bearers and the Agrians and led them to the left wing. There the archers repulsed with arrows the Thracians coming down and the phalanx fighting closehad no difficulty in displacing lightly protected men and poorly armed barbarians. However, they did not receive Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, who was attacking from the left, but threw down their weapons and began to flee who where can for the mountain. One thousand five hundred of them died; few were caught alive, yet all the women who followed the men were captured, and the children, with all their spoils ....

Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy sent the spoils to the coastal cities... he himself, passing over the top, headed for Chaimos towards the Tribals and arrived at the river Ligina three-day march from Istar (Danube) to Chaimos. Sirmos, the ruler of the Tribals... When approached Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, the Thracians, neighbors of the Tribals, and even Sirmos himself and his entourage fled to that island; but many Tribals fled back to the river.

When he heard of their movement, he (Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy) returned to attack the Tribals, which he found already stranded. Caught on tight, they were deployed along the gorge of the river. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy attacked them by deploying the Makedonian phalanx in a deep formation...

Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy personally led against the center of the opponent the Makedonian phalanx of infantry and the remaining cavalry, which he had lined up in front of the phalanx. During the skirmish between the two sides, the Tribals did not back down. But when the packed phalanx launched attack on them and the horsemen no longer attacked them only with their spears, but also with the bodies of the horses themselves fell on them from all sides, then they fled through the gorge to the river. Three thousand were killed during the escape, and the survivors were little caught, because there was a dense forest in front of the river and the night that was coming prevented the Makedonians from seeing them clearly and following them safely.

Ptolemaoy Shator says that eleven horsemen and about forty infantrymen were killed by the Makedonians themselves.

On the third day of that battle Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroyreaches the Istar River, the largest river in Dzeia, here, at the entry into the sea, Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy took the warships that had arrived from Py from the Py Sey (Black Sea) for sailing on the river... He loaded them with archers and heavily armed infantry ... and headed for the island, where the Tribals and Thracians had fled...

Therefore Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy withdrew his troops and decided to cross Istar to attack the Scythians - Ghettos...

And the Scythians - Ghettos did not withstand even the first attack of the cavalry, because they were shown incredible courage by Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, so easy to cross the Istar River, the largest river, in one night, without making a bridge across the river; and frightening was the thickening of the phalanx with a strong - the attack of the cavalry ... The Ghettos again left the poorly fortified city, riding as many children and women on horseback, as long as they could stand on their shoulders. Then they went as far as the river to the desert (шумата). Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy took the city and all the spoils left by the Scythians - the Ghettos ... After destroying the city, on the coast of Istar he offered a sacrifice to Dze - Savior - the god of the light, to Aracle (Makedon) and to the river Istar - Danube itself....

In doing so to Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, deputies from other autonomous tribes near Istar and the tribal ruler Sirmos arrived. And they came from the Celts, who live in the Ionian Gulf. The Celts were big and proud of each other, but all expressed a desire for friendship with Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy.

Give to all and receive from all proofs of trust... He named them friends, made an alliance with them, and sent them home...”

Arian, Alexander Anabasa ..., book. 1, preface, 1, pp. 2-5 ;

       Then they headed for the Danube. There they clashed with the Getae tribe. With rafts 4,000 Makedonian cavalry and 1,500 phalanx managed to cross the other side of the Danube. To the surprise of the Makedonians, 14,000 soldiers from the Gaetae tribe withdrew from their city and left their city in the hands of the Makedonians. At that moment news came from Klito that the Illyrians and their ruler Glauki had revolted against the Makedonians.

Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and the Makedonians oppressed the Illyrians in a fortress in Belum. The next day Glauki came to the aid of the fortress. Philota, a Makedonian general and friend of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, was blocked in Taulanti.Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy immediately went to help his friend and managed to scare Glauki who was attacking Filota. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was blocked by the Illyrians and the Taulants. The terrain was very uneven. The Makedonians started shouting their battle shout so the Tulants got scared and fled to their city. After the reconnaissance of Belium, Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy retreated tactically but at night attacked the city and set it on fire. Clayt and Glauky fled with their army.

      While Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was waging a victorious war, news came from Dzeva (not Thebes) and Sdzens (not Athens) that they were rebelling again.

       The Dzevans and Adzaians rebelled again. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy reacted immediately and harshly

When he heard about the events in Dzeva (the revolt in Dzeva against Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and the Makedonians), Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy thought they should be taken seriously, for he had long doubted the city of Dzeva, and was very much concerned about the attempt of the Dzevans; the revolt could spread to the Lacedaemonians and some others in the Peninsula of Dze and especially to the Phohians. Because of that he arrived in Dzetsalia in seven days. From there he entered Voioa (not Beotia) in six days, until he arrived at Onhest with the whole army.

...The next day Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy reached Dzeva ... There he camped, giving the Dzevans the opportunity to change their minds and send envoys to him. They, on the other hand, were far from showing any humility... Thus, leaving the city, the cavalry and a large number of lightly armed soldiers headed against the camp and shot at the front guards, killing several Makedonians. And Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy send lightly armed soldiers and archers to repel their attack... The next day he (Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy) raised the whole army and surrounded the gates leading to Eleuthera and Adzanika (Attica). Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, on the other hand, considering that he came more as a friend to the Dzevans than as an enemy, waited in a camp near Kadmeia ...

......Berdiccas was then hit and hardly healed from the wound. His men, joining the archers of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, pressed the Dzevans and followed the Dzevans until they retreated to Araclion. But when the Dzevans returned again with a fighting cry, the Makedonians fled. As soon as Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy realized that his armies were on the run, and that the Dzevans were in disarray during the persecution, confronted their Makedonian phalanx in battle line. The Dzevans were pushed inside the gates and fled so much, that while fleeing to the city they failed to close the gates. Like that, the Makedonians who were persecuting them entered the walls with them ...

Because the Makedonians were pressuring them from all sides and Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy appeared from one side, and after some time from the other side, the Dzevan cavalry rushed towards the field, and the infantry saved themselves as they pleased. Then, in a rage, the Makedonians, not only the Dzevans, but also the Phocians and Plataeans and the other Boeotians, although they did not fight with the Dzevans, killed them without any order.

This Dzevan defeat both in terms of the size of the lost city and in terms of the severity of the action and in general, no less because of the unexpectedness of the event for both the winners and the losers, as much as it scared the participants in the event, scared all the other enemies of Makedonia. The Sidzeilia (Sicilian) defeat of the Adzaians, although according to the number of killed brought no less misery to the city, however, because the army was destroyed far from their home, and most of it was made up of allies instead of domestic soldiers, and their city remained, and later fought with the Lacedaemonians, the allies, and the great ruler (meaning Persia)...

On the other hand, among the Dzevans the uprising was raised hastily and recklessly, and the conquest took place without difficulty for the conquerors, and with numerous massacres, as is the case with kindred peoples because of old hatred. The complete enslavement of the polis, which was among the first in strength and military superiority in the Peninsula of Dze, it was quite naturally associated with divine wrath: that the Dzevans long and widely repayed the betrayal in the Persian Wars… (Both the Dzevans and the Makedonians were Persian vassals at that time, the author did not pay attention).

Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy decided to entrust Dzeva to the allies who took part in the attack: to be stationed in Cadmia, and the city to be razed to the ground, the territory to be divided among the allies, and the sanctuaries to be preserved; children, women and survivors of Dzeva to be enslaved, except the priests and priestesses and those who were friends of Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy and Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, or hosts of the Makedonians...

As soon as the other enemies of Makedonia understood the fate of the Dzevans, the Aitols sent envoys, tribe by tribe, to receive forgiveness.

The Adzaians (from Adzena) elected 10 deputies from all Adzaians, people known for their friendly relations with Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and sent them to convey to him the untimely congratulations from the citizens of Adzana, that he had returned safely from the campaign of the Illyrians and the Tribals, and that he had punished the Dzevans for the uprising. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy mostly in a friendly tone, he replied to the messenger, but wrote a letter in which he asked: Demosthenes, Lycurgus, Hyperidae, Polyeuctus, and Harit, because he blamed them for the defeat at Aroneia (not Cheroneia) and for the mistakes made later in death of Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy, against him and Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy. He also showed them that they were no less guilty of the Dzevan uprising than the Dzevan insurgents themselves.

The Adzaians did not betray these people, but sent a second envoy to Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, begging him to reduce his anger at those he asked for.

Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy did so, perhaps out of respect for the city, or because he was in a hurry for the campaign against Adzeia and wanted to leave behind that he could be trusted.


         Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy in just two weeks he covered 1000 km with the Makedonian phalanx. When they heard of this speed, the Adzaians and other city-states changed their minds and did not come to the aid of Dzeva, who counted on their help.

         The war strategist Berdiccas attacked the main gate of the City after breaking the resistance, whereupon he was severely wounded, Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy with the rest of the Makedonian phalanx entered the city, the Makedonians set fire to the city, flattening it, sparing no one. They killed 6,000 Dzevans and sold 30,000 as slaves. Dzeva, which offered the strongest resistance, was conquered by great bloodshed, the city was destroyed, and its territory divided among the other neighbors of Dzeva - allies to the Makedoniansе. The Dzevans were sold into slavery, and only the priests, the descendants of the poet Pindar and the supporters of Makedonia were spared.

Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was advised by the war strategist Parmenion to marry and have an heir before starting the campaign against Persia, but Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy did not listen to him. We must emphasize that Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy here acted hastily in view of future events.

      After great preparations, he left warlord Antipater with 13,500 troops to oversee the cities states, the Illyrians, the Thracians and headed for Ilepont, (which is a Roman-Latin name for HE ILE PONT - the passage of the God of Light XE ILE to Pontus - Ilepont), today, (the Dardanelles).

 The war strategist Antipatar The war strategist Antipatar


     IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER THAT A REASON FOR THE WAR WITH PERSIA IS THE PREVIOUS PERSIAN OCCUPATION OF MAKEDONIA FROM PAGEON THE SIDE OF THE PERSIAN RULERS, BECAUSE MAKEDONIA WAS OCCUPIED AND HUMILIATED BY THE PERSIAN RULERS ... in that war the Makedonians received support from the League of Dze, but, NOT FROM SPARTA,... NOT FOR SOME OTHERS 'INTERESTS AS SOME PEOPLE WANT TO SAY. We must add that however it was a military campaign for the liberation of the captured population of the Persdians. Here was a military campaign for the liberation of the oppressed populations.

The holy places of the Makedonians  

      The most important gods for the Makedonians before they took the Christian Faith and other religions were the belief in the GREAT MOTHER - MA (EARTH) and DZE THE GOD OF THE SUN (THE SUN)

    MAIN CULTURE PLACE OF GOD ILE WS IN THE TEMPLE ON THE MOUNTAIN OLYMP - a temple located on the north side of Mount Olimp (Olympus is Latin) and where the Makedonian rulers organized the Olympic Games. The god of the sun - Dze was worshiped and by other peoples but also in the form of another name

     WHILE MAIN CULTURE PLACE WITH THE TEMPLE - a temple located on the east side of the Rhodope Mountains, WHERE WAS WORSHIPED THE GREAT MOTHER - MA, WAS ON THE PLACE - YBERICON - - YBER - YBERICON - THE MOST HOLY PLACE FOR MAKEDONIANS, which place was also mentioned in the book of Melegene (Homer): The Iliad and the Odyssey during the Ilion War (Trojan War). So the Macedonians were big fans of the Great Mother Ma and FROM HERE: MAKE (mother) D - DON (god) I (and) A (my)   - Makedonia - country of the Great Mother Ma. The young Makedonian ruler Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy came to that place, where the priests told him that he would conquer the world, and the campaign against Persia would be successful.


Because peace was restored in the countries under the Dzermopole (Thermobili) pass, after returning to Makedonia (October 335), Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroyhe could finally devote himself to the preparations for the Adzeia campaign. But it was only forced peace that prevailed in the countries under the Dzermopole pass. After gaining experience from the last two years, no one saw it as clearly as Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy did, so he made decisions regarding the preparation of war plans.

Because Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy did not trust many of the countries under the Dzermopole pass, he left the faithful Antipatar in Makedonia with half of his recruits, 12,000 phalanxists and 1,500 cavalry. Antipatar was also responsible for keeping an eye on the League of Dze as a representative of the hegemon, with the title of strategist. The same suspicion was the reason for Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy to limit the contingents of the League of Dze to no more than was necessary for the Makedonian campaign.

Except for the fleet of 160 triremes, as the Adzaian ''ancient fleet'' was called, but they were disbanded because Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy knew they could not be measured by the mighty Phoenician fleet, another 7,000 infantry and 600 horsemen from the League of Dze are mentioned as hostages, as well as 1500 Dzetsalian horsmens, which later, probably, joined the Makedonian army and gained its special trust, and played an important role in the great battles in Adzeia. Without cavalry, it is futile to place 7,000 infantry on the battle front. One gets the impression that, independent of the Dzetsalians, Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy took the contingents of the League of Dze more as a guarantee for peace in the countries under the Dzermopole pass.

The League of Dze Fleet was initially cautiously kept out of action. This was inevitable due to the great superiority, both in number and quality of the Persian fleet of 400 warships, with their excellent Phoenician and Cenriot warships.

The naval superiority of the enemy had a significant impact on Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy plans for war.Because the Persian navy controlled the sea, but the great danger came from the possibility of the Great Ruler to transfer the war to the land under the Dzermopole (Thermobili) pass and with his vast wealth to force the Adzaians, Spartans and others to fight against Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and Makedonia.

The sea was not considered as a solution due to the insufficient strength and unreliable nature, for that Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy made a skilful plan to paralyze the enemy naval advantage by first conquering the Don Sey (Mediterranean) coast of the Persian state with the land army, in order to occupy the important places and ports of the Persian fleet, and above all the entire Phoenician coast.

At first the Makedonian warships followed the Makedonian army near the coas.

Unable to deal victoriously with the Phoenician navy, the Adzaians navy was disbanded in the summer of 334 BC in Milasion not (Milet) by Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, knowing full well that.




   He had just fallen from a boat crossing the Strait of the Strait of Ilepont (Dardanelles - not "hellespont" ILL - ''hell'', ILL is the ancient god - ''hell'' which is the Latin name of the ancient crossing), stopping off the coast of Dzenika (Asia Minor)Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy exclaimed: 


and struck the spear into the ground.

Because foreigners wrote or more accurately rewrote the history (because the Romans destroyed everything they could) of the peoples around Aga Sey and Don Sey (Aegean and Mediterranean Sea) they got 90% of the names of the cities, places and etc. wrong. That's why he will now correct those mistakes, in most cases.

The campaign of the Makedonian Phalanx under the leadership of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy



        Мakedononian Phalanx - the army led by Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy crossed the Ilepont with about 42,000 troops, of which 25.000 were Makedonians, 7.000 Illyrians and Thracians. The rest mix of 5.000 to 7.000 League of Dze soldiers and mercenaries,  who were nothing but hostages of war and played no major military role in the Makedonian campaign against Persia. 

Deputy of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy was Parmenion, other important commanders were Berdicca, Crater, Coen, Meleager, Antigon, and Parmenion son Philota.


After the departure of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy in a campaign against Persia almost the entire Dze Peninsula except Qudze and Arcadian Legaeput himself under arms to regain his freedom, following the authority of the Lacedaemonians, who alone refused to make peace with Makedonians Vasileos Makedonon Philippoy and Alehandroy and rejected their laws, "the loudest" were the Adzaians, under Demosthenes.

      Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy was immediately greeted by the Persians, Spithradatas, Mithridatas and Memnon of Rody by the river Granica - Gra nica (the river in honor of the goddess of victory Nika, which gurgles loudly). Their names says that were rulers of the Makedonian colonies in Dzenika (Asia Minor).



        A month Ma (May) 334 BC was the first great victory of Makedonia and Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy against Persia

   -  Makedonians and their allies under comand of the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy with about 5,000 cavalry and 26,000 infantry.

    -  The Persians led by satrapies with about 12,000 infantry, 4,000 - 5,000 Danai's mercenaries from Nubia - African allies, allies of the Persians were also Danai's-Adzaians (of Adzena) surviving fighters after the battle of Aroneia 338 BC- Adzaians-Nubians mercenaries (all of them so said Danai's) and 15,000 cavalry

        The numbers vary considerably depending on the source (Makedonians from 18,000 to 43,000), (Persians with their allies from 23,000 to 50,000).

        The battle took place on the road from Abid - Daskylyon (near present-day Ergili, Turkey ), at the pass of the river Granica (today's Biga Kaj).

        The Persians, Spithradatas, Mithridatas and Memnon of Rody and others set up their cavalry in front of the infantry and positioned themselves on the (east) river bank.

        Makedonian army intercepted them on the third day of the march from Abid in month Ma (May). It is not known whether Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy immediately attacked or crossed the river above and attacked at dawn the next day ( at the suggestion of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy deputy, Parmenion).

        In any case, the Persians had a number of cavalry in contact with the first lines of Ionians, from Dzenika, and Adzaians and the rest of the battle of Aroneia (Cheroneia) survived, Danai's governor from Egypt with his army, Danai's mercenaries from Nubia- African allies (they administered Egypt on behalf of Persia) a total of 20,000 (all of them so said Danai's according to Rosetta Stone)

      Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy led the bodyguards elite cavalry of the vasileos (king) guard in battle - CHETA IROI - HERO UNITS in a winged assault, while the Makedonian infantry companions - shield bearers, The Agrians legally constituted the rest of the pillar around the Persians. The Makedonian line was lined with a heavy phalanx in the middle and cavalry on both sides.  

       The battle began with a blow to the light infantry from the Makedonian left side, the side of Parmenion. The Persians had quite strengthened that side and the blow was repulsed, but then Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy began to attack with his cavalry companions in the classical wedge formation and broke through the Persian center. The Persians retaliated with a squadron of nobles on horseback.

Persian cavalrman

The Persian cavalry

In this clash several important Persian nobles were killed personally by Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and his bodyguards, although the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was stunned by an ax blow given by a Persian nobleman. Before delivering the second and deadly blow, the nobleman was killed by the Makedonian officer Klito. Klyto saves the life of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy as Persian nobles Resak and Spithradatas try to kill him. The Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy soon regained consciousness.

     Then the Makedonian cavalry turned left and embarked on the Persian cavalry which at that time was fighting with the left side of the Makedonian line after the general attack. A hole was dug here and the Makedonian infantry rushed through it to attack the poor quality Persian infantry behind the line. After this, the two wings of the Persian cavalry retreated, noticing the collapse of the center. The Persian infantry also began to flee, many of whom were killed during the persecution.

     The total number of Makedonian victims was from 100 to 200. The Persians lost 2,000 infantry in captivity, and about 1,000 cavalry and 3,000 infantry were killed, mostly during the escape

Adzaian mercenaries who fought on the side of the Persians, were very motivatedAdzaian mercenaries who fought on the side of the Persians, were very motivated

  From of 20,000 Danai's Numbians Upper Egypt from Africa and Adzaian-Danai's mercenaryes survived in Aroneia (Danai's formo Adzena), survived only 2000 who were sent to Makedonia as slaves. Danai's Adzai-Nubian force, lost his life with over 18.000 units.

         The battle of the Granic River showed the Persians that the Makedonian army was a serious superpower. The immediate effects of the battle were the establishment of landing territory for further battles against the Persians

The original relief (Makedonian style) Vasileos Alexander the Great and his dog Beritas in battle with Persians

Relief (Makedonian style), hunting Makedonians and Persians

Relief (Makedonian style), hunting Makedonians and Persians (symbolizes peace)


He (Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy) appointed Callas satrap in the area where Arsit ruled, ordering the population to pay the same taxes as he paid The Great Ruler Dario; from the Barbarians who had come down from the mountains to obey him, he asked them all to return home. He sent Parmenion to capture Daskyleyon (Daskyleyon is the capital of Pontian Phrygia, then ruled by Arsit, who committed suicide after the battle of Granica), which he did because the crew had left the city.

Arraan., 1, 17, 1-2 (Arian, War of Alexandroy)

Daskyleyon residues

         After the initial victory against the Persian forces at the Battle of Granica, Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy accepted the surrender of the city of Berga (not Pergamon) and the provincial capital and treasures of the city of Sardianon (not Sardis) and continued along the Ionian coast.

СардианонSardianon, a coinage of later periods, it is only to ascertain the name

Древна кованица од градот Сардианон An ancient coin from the city of Sardianon, in the museum of Istanbul today.

кованици од подознежи периоди од градот Сардианон кованици од подознежи периоди од градот СардианонOther coins of later periods from the city of Sardianon.

Sardianon residues

So Berga (not "perga" or "pergamon"), here's proof:

СардианонBerga, a coin from the time of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, that is to make sure of the name of the city.

кованици од подознежи периоди од градот СардианонThis is a mint when the city was occupied by the Persians, the inscription BERG is clear (Pe = Bе).

кованици од подознежи периоди од градот СардианонThen the city was renamed BERGAMA - BER GA MA - THE BRIGHT OF MA (in honor of Ma - the Mother Goddess).

Even today, the Turks named the city as Bergama - ''Bergama''.

In the city of Berga Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was declared a deity, we must admit that the most beautiful coins with the image of the Makedonian ruler Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy were minted in that city.

image of the Makedonian ruler Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy

The Makedonian ruler Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and Artemida in attack position

The Makedonian ruler Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and Artemida in attack position

Василеос Македонон Александрој и бела Ѕена

Coined from Bergama, Artemida was the protector of the city

Bergama drawing

кованици од подознежи периоди од градот Сардианон Then the city, renamed BERGAMANON, became the administrative center of the "State of Bergamanon", with respect to Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, but not to the rulers of Makedonia, who were not related by blood to Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, were in hostile relations, refused to submit to the usurpers of the Makedonian throne.

One of the first major cities on the Agaseian coast to surrender without a fight was Efeksion, Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and the Makedonian Phalanx took the city of Efeksion (not Ephesus or Hephes).

ЕфексионEfeksion, coinage is from that period, somewhere immediately after the liberation of the city from the Persians or thereabouts, it is just to make sure of the name. By appearance the coin is in honor of Nika - goddess of victory, the favorite goddess of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, the coin in honor of the city.


- E - is,

- FE - the strongest,

- KSI (KSE the god of light) - the most illuminated,

- ON - he,

EFEKSION - He is the strongest and brightest.


An ancient mint from the city of Efeksion.

Other coins of later periods from the city of Efeksion.

Now I will try to capture the moment when the city of Ephesion became Ephes, through the forges:

EF (Efeksion) DZEODOROS, means the name from the epoch of DZE.

кованици од подознежи периоди од градот Сардианон EF APOLODOROS, so the name is from the time when the city fell under Roman slavery, it is recognized by the Roman god ''APOLO'',

кованици од подознежи периоди од градот Сардианон EFE the snakes symbolize the "S", meaning Ephes, which is the later name of the city (a bit of mysticism).

Efektion was a very advanced city in antiquity, a pioneer, it had street lighting at night, everything in the style of "He is the strongest and brightest" - E FE KSI ON''

Relief, (Makedonian style) Fighting with Amadzeonians (Amazons), by Rodion from the Vienna Museum

Relief, (Makedonian style) Fighting with Amadzeonians

Relief, (Makedonian style) Fighting - Makedonian shield bearer

In Bergama, although everything is in ruins, there are still many evidences of the Makedonians (the relief is in Berlin - Germany)

статуа, на Mакедонски благородник

статуа, на Mакедонски благородник

статуа, на Mакедонски благородник

статуа, на Mакедонски благородник

This statue, of a Makedonian nobleman, is presented as a "Greek soldier from Athens", however "Greeks'' did not exist at the time of the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy. At the time of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, the city was not called "Athens" but Adzena

In the south the Makedonian army as Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy says in his speech later at Opis, Milasion (not Miletus) resisted and it was the first city to be besieged by the Makedonian phalanx.

МиласионMilasion, coinage from later periods, it is just to make sure of the name.

An ancient mint from the city of Milasion, which was among the first city-states of ancient times, which began to forge silver and gold coins for the needs of economic development, not only in Dzenica but also in the world, and they were absolutely not Danai's from Nubia, but they were Whites (Pelazgins).

МиласионMilasion, coinage from later periods (Roman slavery), this is to prove that the base of the name is MILAS (MIL AS - dear me), not ''Miletus'' (which we cannot explain properly because it is a Latinized name).

After the military campaign over the capture of Milasion, the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy he needed to rest his army a little from hard wars, at the same time it was necessary to give time to the wounded and sick to re-engage in military operations, for these reasons, a regiment composed of weak and wounded soldiers was sent up to Phrygia where the wounded and sick Makedonians surrounded by numerous flocks of sheep, the pine forests and the Phrygians who spoke their Makedonian language, felt at home in Makedonia, which helped them heal wounds and diseases very quickly.

We have two pieces of information, one authentic from Arod (Herodotus) and one from Harold Lamb. Both information unequivocally point to the fact that the Phrygians originated from Makedonia where they were called Brigi, and their language is the same as the language of the Makedonians.

Arod (Herodotus) in "History, Polymia - book 7, chapter 73". has written:

“ The Phrygians had equipment very similar to the Paphlagonian one, and they differed very little. To the Phrygians according to the Makedonians at the time when they lived in Dzeia (Europe) and were neighbors of the Makedonians, their name was Briggs - Brigi , and when they moved to Adzeia (Asia), they changed their homeland and name at the same time and called themselves Phrygians''.

Makedonian - Phrygians protection

The Armenians (Phrygians because Armenians after the arrival of the Romans - R = ER ) were armed just like the Phrygians, because they are descendants of the Phrygians. (it can be seen that the source has been manipulated, the forgers have been caught) THIS PEOPLE were led by Artachmo, who was married to Darius' (The Great Ruler of Persia) daughter .”

Milasion remains

At Alikarnatseon (ne Halicarnassus),

АликарнацеонAlikarnatseon, coinage from later periods, it is just to make sure of the name.

Аликар Ест Аликар ЕстOther coins from later periods from the city, Alikar Est, that's just to make sure of the name, the name of the city on the mints varies a lot, there are many coins from this city from different time periods but the ALIKAR base remains the same.

Alikarnaseon, coinage from later periods, it is just to make sure of the name

... (today Bodrum in Turkey ), Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy successfully conducted the second of many sieges, forcing his opponents - the mercenary captain Memnon of Rhodion and Orontobates - the Persian satrap of Kariya - K ar i ya - as Ar (Ar the creator, a gigantic name) and I, to retreat over the sea.

Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy left Kariya to Ada, who was ruler of Kariya before being deposed by her brother Pyxodar - Piksadaroy, it can be seen that they had "old woes''.

The Mausoleum in Alikarnatseon drawing

Relief (Makedonian style) Combat, from the Mausoleum of Alikarnatseon

From Alikarnatseon Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy continued into mountainous Lycia and the Pamphylian plain (near present-day Antalya - Turkey), taking control of all the coastal cities as far as Sidaton.

Sidaton, coinage from later periods, it is just to make sure of the name

Sidaton remains

From Pamphylia onwards, the coast had no significant ports and therefore Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy continued inland.


ESTFEDIIYS A coin from the city of Estfediiys

Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy ordered the Aspendians to send prominent men as hostages, to give the horses they promised as 100 talents instead of 50, to submit to the satrap he would appoint, to pay an annual tax to the Makedonians, and finally to accept interrogation on the territory of their neighbors for which they were accused of holding it illegally.

Arrian, 1, 27, 1-4 ).

At Ter

future Terma, Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy he subdued but did not attack the Pisidian city

             In the ancient city of Gordianon , the capital of Phrygia, Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy untied the previously unsolvable ''Gordianon knot'', a riddle that legends say could only be solved by the future "ruler of Adzeia". According to one story, he simply cut the knot with a sword. According to another, he untied it by removing the part of the chariot around which he was tied.

Gordianone residues

Then Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy with the Makedonian phalanx continued to ANKYRANON, unfortunately this mint is from Roman times, today's Ankara.

From there Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy with the Makedonian phalanx descended towards the sea to the city Tarseon.

Tarseon remains


Coins from SINOPAS - Pont

Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy with many of the peoples of Dzenika (Asia Minor) understood in the Makedonian language without the need for a translator, such as the Itites, Pontians, Phrygians and many others, .. proof that these were Makedonian colonies from an older period. He certainly ws helped by them because he had friendly relations with some satraps (local administrators) from those territories.

ITIE - The Hittites, speaking the same language as the Makedonians, have documented that the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy spoke to them without an interpreter.


               Makedonian army of the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy passed the Gates of Cilicia, met and defeated the main Persian army under the command of the Great Ruler Dario 3-th at the Battle of Is.

''When Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy anchored, sent Parmenion with a small army to announce the seizure of sea crossings leading from Cilicia to Syria, and he headed west to avoid the Trakea mountain range in Silisia, in order to conquer and taked the coast all the way to Lykia and to fully protect his background before meeting the Great Ruler.

The quick completion of this task in a few days showed that the former power returned to him. On the way to the old Ionian ancient city of Soloi,received the news that his warlords to whom he had entrusted the siege of the fortress at Alikarnatseon had won a great victory (This is evidence that Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy made a "blitzkrieg", meaning he left enough troops behind to besiege the fortress but continued the campaign, establishing future military tactics.).

In honor of the victory, the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy prepared a feast, and expressed gratitude to the god Asclepius for the healing. In addition to the procession and torch races, there were gymnastics and music competitions, which were first organized here. There were soldier gymnastics competitions as well as art competitions featuring singers, musicians and artists who were probably brought from the military headquarters in Tarseon.

Then the main part of the army started the march from Tarseon to the east. When the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy came to Mal, he offered a sacrifice to the hero-prophet Amphilochon of Argos, who had a glorious prophecy here and was revered as the founder of the city. In Mal he heard from Parmenion, who had meanwhile conquered the Preslaps, that Great Ruler Dario and his army had encamped at Sohoy in the plain of Syria, two days walk from the crossing they now call Bailan.

The Battle of the Pinar River in Syria

After Memnon's death, the Grand Ruler decided to personally take command and meet the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy in a decisive battle. To that reason, he assembled a large army in Vavylon. Late in the summer of 333 BC, he was informed that the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was in Galicia (so it is named after arrival of Gal's), Great Ruler Dariy went to the Euphrat accompanied by a large retinue of luggage and then crossed the plain east of Mount Amman, o prepare when the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy enters the Bailan Gorge and here in Sohoy to begin a battle with his large army. Starting from his great superiority, Great Ruler Dariy believed in victory.

In addition, he realized that he should value the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy as an opponent, which can be deduced from the fact that some time before that, as a true ruler, he had encouraged Alexander the Lyncian to kill the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy. As soon as the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy heard the news about Sohoy, when he was in Mal, convened a military council to agree on what to do and, with council approval, decided to oppose the Grand Ruler.

However, the battle was not fought on the other side of Mount Aman in Sohoy, but on this side of northwestern Syria, south of Iss. How did this come about? It is one of the most interesting and exciting parts of the history of the war. The road of the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, formerly sent by Parmenion to spy on and occupy, led through the Cilicia Gorges, along the Syrian coast. Then the road turns south, passing near Is, across the Pinar River (Deli Chai) and the small Pajas Riverto the Syrian Sea Pass and through the mountain pass Jonah continues to Miriandr (near present-day Alexandrion-Iskanderun). From here the road leads southeast through Amman from the Bailani crossing to the Syrian plain. This was the path that the young Great Ruler Cyr (Cyrus is Latin) once took and was known to the ancient peoples of the Xeophonic narratives.

After recovering from the disease in Is (in honor of the goddess of beauty Is, not Is Issus is Latin name), attacking to the south, the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy came to Miriandr, where due to the strong autumn storm and the rain that fell at night, his units remained in the camp the next day, presumably in order to rest before the coming battle. There, on the evening of his great surprise, he was informed by the deserters that Great Ruler Dariy and his army were north of him, on the river Pinar. He found it hard to believe, and sent several officers to the north coast to check what he had heard: they confirmed the news.

How did this change of position come about? Great Ruler Dariy encamped a few weeks ago in Sohoy and was waiting for the enemy from Silisia. However, the departure of the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was delayed by his illness and other events in Silisia. His contempt for the small army of the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, which he thought he would run over with his numerous cavalry, together with the approach of winter and the difficulties in such conditions, doubts him and his plan.

In order to make his huge army more mobile, he sent to помобилна, ги испрати во Damaskaos (Damascus) his wealth and the bulk of his luggage, and together with the army, accompanied by a huge retinue and his family, started east of Mount Aman north to the Lion Preslap (Arslan-Boghas), then southwest across the mountain, across the Aman overpass (Toprak Kalesi) to the coastal plain of Is, from there to advance towards Silisia.

By comparing the distance covered by the two armies and their different mobility, it can be assumed that Dario appearance began a few days before the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy left Mal. Almost at the same time as the Great Ruler Dariy arrives at the waterfall of Amman, the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy rises in Miriyamdr.

Thus the two armies, separated from the mountain range of Amman, they suddenly diverged on different slopes on the same mountain, with the Great Ruler Dariy now to the north and the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy to the south.

The Great Ruler Dariy was first informed of the accidental arrival of the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy in Issus who met with the army and learned that the Makedonian army had just passed and continued south. Soon he left too and are rightly encamped on the Pinar River, apparently intending to follow the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy through the overflow Bailan and so on in the end, according to the original plan, to start a fight in the wide Syrian plain that suited him much better.

Fortunately, the opposite happened. The moment the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was informed of the Great Ruler Dariy position on Pinar river, with the intuition of a genius he overlooked the advantage given to him by this unexpected situation and decided to go to war. the The Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was cut off from its base, so Pinar's defeat would be catastrophic. However, he absolutely believed in victory, which until then had led him from one success to another.

He relied on the quality of military superiority and his fighting talent. The only danger he could face was being surrounded by a large Persian army. Even now this danger was not much less than that if he met the enemy in the vast Syrian plain. And in the plain by the river Pinar it could be trapped between the mountain and the sea.

Rapid action was needed. Therefore, with caution and composure that were his characteristics in the most important moments of the decision, the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy took all necessary measures to meet the enemy the next day. Horsemen and archers were immediately sent to spy as far as the northern slope, and that was very essential to his plan.

After giving his units enough time to prepare before departure, he set out with his army, rose to the top of the crossing until midnight, set up a guard and allowed the army to rest among the rocks.

After the first morning rays, the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy descended into the plain first in a narrow column with the infantry forwardwhich gradually expanded into a battle line as far as the plane allowed. Here, again as on Granika, the advance to the battlefield was made in great silenceand precisely as if he were in a parade space, not in front of the enemy.

Thus, Pinar was the scene of one of the most mentioned battles, a duel of opposite actions. There is a good description of the battle by later authors based on two independent and original sources: Ptolemaioy, who was personally one of the soldiers at the front and Callisthenes who as a civilian could see it from afar.

The Pinar River, which has steep banks in its upper and middle reaches, was used by the Persians, as on the Granic, as an obstacle to defending their front. The mistakes of the substitutes at Granika were removed this time, so that the best units, the Adzaians and Nubians mercenaries, were placed in front of the center of the battle line. To the right and left of them stood the Orientals, the heavily armed Kardakians, whose right wing was behind the cavalry, which the Great Ruler Dariy placed across the river to mask the operations, and then retreat across the river''.


The Battle of Is (not Issus) 333 BC 





        - Makedonians and their allies, led by the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy. Army: 5,000 cavalry, 26,000 infantry 

        - The Persians led by Great Ruler Dario 3-th, Arsam, Reomitro, Atizij, Bubak and Sabakches with 30,000 Numbians from Upper Egypt and Adzaians from Adzena so called Danai's mercenaries led by of Sabaces strap from Egypt, 40,000 infantry (10,000 Immortals - Persian bodyguards of the Great Ruler - the most elite army in Persia) and 20,000 cavalry

Immortals the Persian ruler's bodyguards

Immortals the Persian ruler's bodyguards - fantasy

        The battle was fought south of the ancient city of Itso (Issus), near the present-day city of Iskenderum - Alexandreon, Turkey, on both sides of the small Pinar River (probably today's Pajas River). The place was quite far from the Gulf of Is, and the surrounding mountains were only 2.6 km away, so that Great Ruler Dariy could not use the large number of his soldiers frontally

The Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy embarked on a campaign in Adzeia (Asia) in 334 BC and defeated the local Persian satraps at the Battle of Granika. He then continued his occupation of Dzenika (Asia Minor).

While Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was in Tarseon he learned that Great Ruler Dariy was gathering a huge army in Vavylon. If the Great Ruler Dario wanted to reach the Gulf of Itso (Issus), he had the support of Admiral Farnabaz, who was still operating in the Don Sey (Mediterranean), so that it would facilitate the supply and be able to reach the enemy from behind. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy kept his main army at Tarseon, but sent Parmenion forward to occupy the coast of Is (Issus). In November, Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy received a report that a large Persian army had already entered the Syrian city of Sochi. The Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy decided to gather his divided army and march south of Is across the Ionian Gorge.

Persian infantry

Many modern historians claim that the Persian infantry were poorly armed, that the more numerous and hitherto undefeated, fear and trembling for others, the Persian army "was a child's game" for the Makedonians ... but that is not true, .. simply for the superiority of the Makedonians is that the Makedonian phalanx was perfectly trained, highly motivated and most importantly led by the most capable military leader at the time Makedonian ruler Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy.... while the Persians were led by their Persian ruler - the Great Ruler Dariy, who had probably no military training ... they claimed to be a demigod.

The Great Ruler Dariy knew that Parmenion was holding the gorge, so he headed north. The Persians captured Iss without any problems and killed all the sick and wounded Makedonian soldiers who remained there. Now Great Ruler Dariy understood that he had managed to come from behind the Makedonian army and cut off supplies. He then ordered the army to a good defensive position along the Pinar River and waited for Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy to attack.
Persian archers

       There are different opinions about the reasons for the battle. One convincing view based on Curtius is that Great Ruler Dario was forced to move the camp to a field suitable for Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy because the Macedonians fought defensively on Parmenion recommendation. Great Ruler Dario could not support the army during the winter, and there were already riots in his Phoenician cities over the arrival of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy. Great Ruler Dario was forced to move his large army to a hill on the battlefield, a position which was of great benefit to the smaller army of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and the Makedonian phalanx won because they were active, they created the rhythm, the Persians were put in a position to defend themselves. 

The Makedonian ruler Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroyhe carefully planned the trap, it is not possible that he left the passage from the north (the Amman Gates) unchecked, he only drew the Persian into the battle site favorable to the Macedonian phalanx, which had been previously planned by Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy.

The Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy he knew the terrain:

- '' From here the road leads southeast through Amman from the Bailan pass to the Syrian plain. It was the road that the young Cyr (Cyrus) once traveled and was known to the ancient peoples from the Xeophonian narratives''.

      Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy waited for Great Ruler Dario to come south of the Amman mountain range because the crossing that Darius would use, the Belen Pass, was much closer to Sochi and gave the best access to the territory that Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was defending. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy waited 16 km west of the Belen Pass near Miriander to set a trap for Great Ruler Dariy at the Belen Pass or through the Ionian Pillar if he went north, where the Great Ruler Dariy army would be disorganized and scattered in the strait. But Great Ruler Dario was moving north from Sochi and around the mountains, coming from behind Makedonian army's position and shortening his communications. Thus Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was forced to march towards Dario, who caught him unprepared with a large wing maneuver. This gives the illusion that Great Ruler Dariy was playing defensively because Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was forced to march towards him.

       The Makedonians continued through the Pillar of Ion. Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and his cavalry companions - Cheta Iroi were on the right wing, and the Dzetsalian cavalry on the left. The Makedonian phalanx was commanded by Parmenion

       Dario formed his line by placing the heavy cavalry along the shore to his right, then Danai's mercenaries from Nubia and Adzaians from Adzena12,000 in number. Near the Great Ruler Dariy, placed the Persian infantry, the Kardaks, along the river and at the foot, where they bent over the other shore and posed a threat to the right wing of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy (this formation was similar to the letter  '' Γ '' - G). Arrian gives an exaggerated figure of 20,000 for these troops. Great Ruler Dariy settled in the middle with the best infantry, the Danai's mercenaries and the ruling cavalry guard. According to some historians, he wanted to imitate the Makedonian military formation seen at the Battle of Granika.

        The Persian cavalry attacked Parmenion, and the Allied cavalry crossed the river to open the battle. The left wing of the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy soon became essential, where Parmenion managed to hold the wing against a superior number of Persians long enough for the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy to carry out a calculated cavalry attack against Great Ruler Dariy and defeat the Persian army. The shield-bearers - the Agrianians under the leadership of the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy on foot attacked the Kardakas on foot at this time and managed to break through a hole in the Persian ranks.

      Then the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy mounted a horse at the head of his equestrian companions - '' heta iroi - company of heroes '' and began to rush straight to Great Ruler Dariy.

''When the Battle of Is (Issus) took place (November 333 BC) Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and his horsemen fought their way through the enemy troops until they came in close vicinity to the Grear Ruler Dariy THIRD, whose life was therefore threatened. The Grear Ruler Dariy THIRD was protected by the most noble Persians, among them also Sabaces, who was killed.

Аѕаjски платеници кој се борелe на страната на персијците, биле многу мотивирани, треба светот јасно и гласно да знае дека тие немаат ништо со Македонците The Adzaian mercenaries who fought on the side of the Persians, were very motivated, the world should know loud and clear that they have nothing to do with the Makedonians

Of the Persians were killed Arsames, Rheomithres, and Atizyes who had commanded the cavalry at the Granicus. Sabaces, the strap (viceroy) of Egypt, and Bubaces, one of the Persian dignitaries, were also killed, besides about 100,000 of the private soldiers, among them being more than 10,000 cavalry''.

—  The Anabasis of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy by Arrian, translated by E. J. Chinnock, Book 2, Chapter 11 '' The Persian king fled because he feared for his life; therefore the Makedonians won the battle . ''

The Great Ruler Dario, who had fled from the battlefield. Because of this, the Persians began to retreat. The Makedonian cavalry pursued the Persians in retreat until it got dark. There was heavy bloodshed here due to the massive, unorganized withdrawal of the Persians, who lost about 80,000, and the persecution by the Makedonians. The Makedonians lost nearly 500 soldiers.
        The defeat of the Persians at the Battle of Granica marked the beginning of the end of Persian power. This was the first battle the Persians lost in the presence of Great Ruler Dariy

      Great Ruler Dariy fled across the river Euphrat, leaving his mother, wife and children at the mercy of the Makedonians.

Great Ruler Dariy was forced to flee the battle after his army disintegrated, leaving his wife, two daughters: Statheira and Dripetti, his mother Sisigamba, and an invaluable amount of wealth.

After the battle of Is, when they went to visit the captive family of Great Ruler Dario, the ruler of Sisigamba mistakenly knelt down to pray to Ephexion for her life,.. because he was taller, and they were both young and wearing almost the same clothes. When she realized the mistake she asked Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy to forgive her, but Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy said:


 ИС, кованица од василеос Александар Македонски во чест на побеата и богињата Ис IS, coinage by Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy in honor of the goddesses and goddesses Is and to be sure of the name.

Near the site of the battle was founded the city of Aleksandeon, a series of cities, in honor of the Makedonian ruler Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and the Makedonian victories.

Next comes a parade of lectures on the coastal towns of the Don Sey (Mediterranean Sea). Throughout those cities there were already Makedonian colonies that wanted to join the Makedonian phalanx, but they were rejected, they were not accepted, why were they not trained soldiers in the way of the Makedonian phalanx, it is interesting to say about Vyvlon (not Biblos).

During the Persian occupation, the city uses the script "lines and drawings" - a demotic script,

Even after the liberation, the city of Vyvlon uses the alphabet ''lines and drawings'' - a demotic script,

But in Roman occupation, the city of Vyvlon uses the letter "KOINON MAKEDONON" and reveals the name more clearly for explanation.

Then the city of Vjvlon passes into VJVLOS and with the reforms of the alphabet it grew into BYBLOS and etc.

Next as one of the largest and most important is the city of Sidonion (Sidon): , which was later renamed to: SIDON DZEAS.

Continuing along the banks of the Don Sey, Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and the Makedonian phalanx captured TIROYIEILS (Tyre, present-day Lebanon) by siege.

TIROYIEILS (TIR OY I E IL S) KIASYLOY, coinage from Tire from the time of 126 - 57 BC. It proves that the alphabet "KOINON MAKEDONON" was used everywhere the Makedonians were. The coin was found in present-day Iran, the city of Hamedan. So it was used throughout the future Roman Empire. The coinage was used normally in Jerusalem as well, it is speculated that Judas was paid with such "silver coins".

       At first Tiroy wanted to surrender to Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy,.. but Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy wanted to pray in the temple of Arakle in Tiroy... That wish of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy was refused by the strap of Tiroy.

Siege of Tiroy


In 332 BC, the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and the Makedonian Phalanx set out to conquer Tiroy, a strategic coastal base. Unable to attack the city, the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy laid siege to Tiroy for seven months, but Tiroy endured.

 Fantasy - The Siege of Tyroy 332 BC

                    The letter from Great Ruler Dario  

   During the siege the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy received a letter from the Grear Ruler Dario THIRD offering a truce. He offered to pay a ransom for his family of 1000 talents and thanked Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy for their well-being. Great Ruler Dariy also offered to cede all his lands west of the river Euphrat and to create an alliance and friendship that would be of mutual interest.

    -  Warlord Parmenion advised the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy to accept the offer. He told to Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy

- '' I would accept, if I were Alexandroy. ''

Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy he replied

- '' Me too, if I were Parmenion!"

                         In response to the Grear Ruler Dariy THIRD letter, Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy replied

   '' Your ancestors invaded Makedonia and harmed us without us being the first to harm them. I have been appointed AGAMEMNON (commander-in-chief) of the Makedonians and of the League of Dze, I went to Adzeia (Asia) to punish the Persians, because you are aggressors. You supported Berintion, who harmed my father and sent an army to Thrace, which was under our control. My father died at the hands of the conspirators ordered by you, as you yourself boasted to everyone in your letters; You killed Ars with the help of Bagoa and gained the throne unjustly, contrary to Persian customs, harming the Persians. You sent hostile letters to everyone about me, to push them into a war against me, and you sent money to the Spartans, money that no one but the Spartans would receive. Your envoys have corrupted my friends and tried to destroy the peace I have establishe.

      For that is why I started an expedition against you and you started the argument. But now I have defeated all your satraps, as well as you personally and your army and "by the grace of God" I rule the World (So after the victory at the battle of Is Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy considered himself VASIOLEON - king of kings ). For all those who fought on your side and did not die in battle, but came to me, I am personally responsible. They are not on my side under duress, but participate in the expedition of their own free will. Therefore approach me as the master of all Asia. If you are afraid I will do something for you if you come in person, send some of your friends to assure you. Come to me and asks for your mother, wife, children. You will get them. Ask for anything else. Whatever you manage to convince me to give you, it will be yours.

    In the future, when communicating with me, address me as the Lord of Adzeia. Do not write to me as an equal, but ask what you need from the owner of your property. If you do not, I will treat you as a sinner. If you want to become a ruler again, stand up and fight for the right , do not run away, because I will persecute youwherever you are''



When the Makedonian army led by the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy arrived in Jerusalem to seek help for the embankment for the siege of Tiroy, the city of Jerusalem was under siege ,.. in the end the Makedonians reached the holy temple,.. The temple was surrounded by Jewish soldiers led by an old priest with white hair and a beard, but he held a sword in his hand. The Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy approached the priest, bowed to him and promised that the holy temple would be spared and if he wished he could spread the Jewish faith throughout VASILEONDON MAKEDONIA,..
    The Macedonian military leaders asked him in amazement Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy

''How is it possible for him to worship an old man?...

Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy replied:


The priest told to the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy that he would do to him ''ETERNAL MONUMENT'' ... so THEN


The future Jewish priests themselves took the name Alexander, and the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy and guaranteed freedom of religion.


From then on the Jews celebrated the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy as a liberator from the Persians.


Plutarch writes

At that moment the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy received news from Adzana that the Adzaians and Spartans had revolted. The Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy wrote to him about it. So Ephexiion was sent to carry out a reconnaissance. Ephexion meets with Aristo to make peace between the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy and Demosthenes and spartan avahto Agis 3-th. They were well inclined to this idea and temporarily Ephexion saved the Makedonian interests in the city states in the Peninsula of Dze and the small peninsula of Azenika.

The Macedonian phalanx used the shot from the abandoned city of Tiroy on the mainland to build a dike and when the walls of the island were within reach they began to bombard them with siege machinery and finally broke through the fortification.


There is a legend, and that is that the day before he conquered Tiroy, Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy dreamed that a "satyr" - a mythical animal half man, half horse, attacked him and hit him on the shield with his front hooves, then he woke up, (this dream was positively assessed by dream interpreters, that it was a sign of the victory "sa tir" - now tir), the day after he won Tiroy.

The Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy was so angry because of the way the Tyrians had defended themselves and the loss of his soldiers, that he destroyed half the city as punishment. All 30,000 inhabitants were massacred or sold into slavery 

In the end, as if nothing had happened, he went to pray in the temple of Arakle.

       When Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy and the Macedonian phalanx reached Gaza which was governed by the Dani-Nubian straipia (governor), they again had to besiege this city as well.

332 Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy placed Ephexion in command of his fleet, tasked with escorting him by sea to Gaza. The task was not easy, because the fleet was composed of various nations. In Gaza, during the siege, the machines had to be unloaded, and the terrain was very difficult.

Coinage from Gaza which was under the administration of the Danai's from Nubia.

A coin from Gaza but from Roman times, to make sure of the name of the city


 It is interesting that today the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy is in the memory of those people there, BUT HOW HE WALKED WITH A GOAT HORN,.. because the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy had a diadem of a goat horned figure... by imitating DZE the god of the light.

       AFION - Coin with the image of the god DZE - the god of light  

Makedonians knew the effect of opium in ancient times,.. and the Makedonian rulers dressed in purple cloaks like the color of young poppy leaves. (purple color, not violet) like the color of young poppy leaves (the original purple color was obtained from the blood of a sea crab, in antiquity).


    .Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy imitates the god Dze (not Zeus) our brightest, our most divine, the Makedonian god of light Dze (image of Dze, Kyrana coinage and Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy coinage of Berga


The Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy, headed for Egypt, where he had been before, and marched from Gaza on the seventh day and arrived at Pelusium in Egypt. His fleet sailed simultaneously from Phenicia to Egypt. And in Pelusium he found the ships anchored. The Persian strapia (from Danai origin) Mazaches, who was satrap of Egypt appointed by Dariy, when he understood both the events of the battle of Is and the shameful escape of the Great Ruler Dario, as well as that both Phenicia and Syria and much of Arabia were occupied by the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy (and the loss of Gaza, and the Danai's occupying army had no one to oppose him, he had no choice but to)... Receive it friendly the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy in cities and in the country....

... He reached Ileagrad (Ileacity) through the desert. From there he crossed the Nile and arrived in Manphis (Memphis). From Manphis sail along the river, down to the sea... Stop at the place exactly where the city of Alexandreion is located now, named after the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy. And it seemed to him that the place was very nice to build a city and that the city would be prosperous. And he became thirsty for work, he set the basic plan for the city and where the agora should be set, how many temples should be built ... Where should the surrounding wall be placed ...

- It is omitted, in 331 BC. ja takes Kyrana.

.... After this, the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroyhe was seized with a strong desire to visit Amon in Libya… the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy felt like a rival to Persey and Aracle (Makedon), because he was descended from both; but he also believed that he was descended from Amon, as the myths suggested that both Persey and Aracle were descended from Dze. It was with this thought that he turned to Amona, to learn more about himself, or to say that he had really learned...

As soon as spring came, the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy headed from Manphis to Phenicia ... When he reached Tire, he discovered that the fleet was already waiting for him to meet him....

... He himself had already headed up the Tampasak and the Euphrat River ...

... From there continue inland ... Through the land called Mesopotamia ....

... After leaving the Tigers, he crossed the land of Aturia ... On the fourth day, the scouts told him that horsemen had appeared in the field ... ...

Arian, Alexander's Anabasa..., book.3, 2-3 , pg.70-75;


Campaign to Egypt and Kyrana


An interesting thing was that there were already Makedonian colonies before the arrival of the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy in Dzenika, and they asked to join the army, but were rejected because they were not trained.

After the capture of the city of Tiroj in 332 BC. and Gaza, the road to Egypt was opened. At the same time, the cities of Phenicia, Palestine and Egypt opened their doors without a fight and proclaimed Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy as their ruler..

331 BC Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy already occupies Kyrana.

КЈРАНАИОН KYRANAION, mint to make sure of the name

According to the evidence, those from Kryana were not Danai's, but Belasti - whites, believers in the god of the sun RA, they spoke a Venetian dialect and could understand Makedonians without a translator, they probably had similar genetic connections with the Copts from Egypt.


- КY - to,

- RА - the god of the sun RA,

- NА - upon or over (located),

- I - and

- ОN - he

So - "He is with Ra" - and they are with Ra.

KYRANAION, remains of the city from different eras, the name of RA is evident, while others translate the name as "mermaid", which is incorrect and illogical, they normally do not understand the language of the alphabet of the coin.

КЈРАНАИОН KYRANAION, mint to make sure of the name

Coins of the city of Kyrana of different periods

Macedonian military helmet from the Makedonian phalanx - cavalry - Tripoli Archaeological Museum - Libya

As a skilled politician, in Egypt Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy visited the temple of the Sun god Amun Ra, won over the priests oppressed by the Persian government, so they proclaimed him the son of their supreme god and pharaoh.

On the way to the temple of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy and Cheta Heroi got lost in the desert, but an eagle showed them the way by following its flight and directed them to the oasis of the temple of Amun О'rekol (The soothsayer).

Makedonian coinage by Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy on that occasion

His warlord Parmenion proposed to the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy to stop further military campaigns, but he was determined to finally destroy the great Persian state.  

Egypt was administered by the Danai, Sabaces on behalf of Persia. Namely, the Persian (administrator - strap) of Egypt with his army "of Danais " died in the battle of Iss, when the Makedonians came to Egypt, the deputy administrator - Danai, Mazaces surrendered because he had no army to oppose.

Sabaces (name variants: Sabakes, Sauaces; Sataces; Diodorus Siculus calls him Tasiaces; Aramaic: SWYK, died in 333 BC) was an Achaemenid satrap of the Achaemenid Thirty-first Dynasty of Egypt during the reign of the Grear Ruler Dario THIRD of Persia.

''When the Battle of Is (Issus) took place (November 333 BC) Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy and his horsemen fought their way through the enemy troops until they came in close vicinity to the Grear Ruler Dariy THIRD, whose life was therefore threatened. The Grear Ruler Dariy THIRD was protected by the most noble Persians, among them also Sabaces, who was killed.

Of the Persians were killed Arsames, Rheomithres, and Atizyes who had commanded the cavalry at the Granicus. Sabaces, the strap (viceroy) of Egypt, and Bubaces, one of the Persian dignitaries, were also killed, besides about 100,000 of the private soldiers, among them being more than 10,000 cavalry''.

— The Anabasis of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy by Arrian, translated by E. J. Chinnock, Book 2, Chapter 11 '' The Persian king fled because he feared for his life; therefore the Makedonians won the battle''.


Portrait of satrap Sabaces from his coinage. Circa 340-333 BC. Achaemenid Egypt. Predecessor Pherendates 2, 31st Dynasty, under the Grear Ruler Dariy THIRD.

Coin of Sabaces, in imitation of Adzaian coinage, he was allowed to make his own local currency. Obverse: Head of Adze - the Danai's god of light. Reverse: the owl from Adzena (Danaic) . To right: Sabaces symbol and inscription SWYK. Circa 340-333 BC. Achaemenid Egypt.

Coin of Sabaces. Persian Egypt - Persian style. Circa 335-333 BC

When it was learned that Sabaces had died at Is (not Issus), the mercenaries in Egypt revolted and began to plunder Egypt, the Persians reacted quickly and appointed the Danai, Mazaces as the new strap of Egypt, meaning a foreigner, not an Egyptian. (shabbygame of Mazaces).

The deputy administrator - Danai, Mazaces, Mazaces, also Mazakes, in Danai - Mazdāka surrendered to Makedonians, because he had no army to oppose.

Coin of Mazakes as Satrap of Mesopotamia in the VASILEONDON MAKEDONIA, he was allowed to make his own local currency. 331-323-2 BC. Obverse: Adze - the Danai's god of light. Reverse: the owl from Adzena - (Danaai's), MZDK.

Mazaces succeeded Sabaces after the latter's death at the battle of Is (not Issus) (333 BCE). His office lasted less than a year: when Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy invaded Egypt in late 332 BCE, Mazaces did not have enough military force to put up a resistance. Counselled by Amminapes, who knew Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy well, Mazaces handed the country to the Makedonian without a fight, along with a treasure of 800 talents of gold. This event marked the end of the short–lived second Egyptian satrapy (343–332 BCE).

It is unknown what happened to Mazaces after this event, but Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy assigned the role of satrap of Egypt to the an other Danai, Cleomenes of Naucratis before leaving for the East.

Mazakes may have been nominated as satrap, but it is not known exactly where, it is assumed in Mesopotamia (maybe Medina or Parthia, because Mesopotamia was too important for the Makedonians) in reward for his submission, as coins in his name and in a style similar to his Egyptian predecessor Sabakes, are found in this region, and the satrap of Mesopotamia at that time is otherwise unknown. He was succeeded by Bleitor.

This development of the historical facts of Danai's interests us very much.

In the year 332 BC Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy tried to conquer Nubia, but encountered a strong military formation led by their ruler Candace, so he decided to direct his forces to Egypt and Kyrana.

In the year 332 and the following 331, the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy was welcomed as the liberator of Egypt, which had hitherto been occupied by Persia. He was proclaimed the son of Amon, the Egyptian sun god, by Egyptian priests at the prophecy in the Shiva oasis in the Libyan desert. Since then, the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy has often referred to Amon as his father, and his image on the coins was with bull horns as a symbol of divinity.

It is possible then at that moment (which needs to be further investigated) that the Coptic name of the city Manafar Ma na far - "The Brightest and Strongest of the Earth" was renamed to Manfis - Ma n f is - "The Most Beautiful and the Strongest of the Earth'', in honor of the battle of Is and the liberation of Egypt.

Manfis (Memphis) - "The Most Beautiful and the Strongest of the Earth''- fantasy

The Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy founded Alexandreion (Alexandria) in Egypt, which later, after his death, became the prosperous capital of the Ptolemaioik (Ptolemaic) dynasty.

Sketch of the Library of Alexandreion, burnt by the Romans

      ЗDuring the two years after the battle of Is the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy continued its occupation of the Don Sey (Mediterranean) coast and Egypt. He then left Syria for the heart of the Persia. There he crossed the Euphrat and the Tigris without encountering any resistance.






































ALEKSANDR, mint from Manfis, it's just to make sure of the name

Leaving Egypt, Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy continued to Assyria and on 01. 10. 331. BC. defeated the Great Ruler Dariy once again in the Battle of Ara Bellas - White Ara (Gaugamela is an Arabic name).

From the Museum in England

And on the clay tablets found in Vavylon (BaBylon), the Makedonian ruler Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy is recorded as ALEKSANDR, not, how ''alexandros''.

On 1 Don (October) 331 BC. The Makedonian phalanx led by Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy defeated the Persian army of the Great Ruler Dariy - 3 - th
The Great Ruler Dariy's entire army numbered: 40,000 cavalry, 100,000 infantry, 200 battle chariots - the scythed chariots, a few elephants .... With such an army Great Ruler Dariy encamped at Ara Bellas by the river Bumod...

The Great Ruler Dariy, when he was told that the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy he had already set out, deploying the army as for battle. And the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy led the army deployed in battle order..

The Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy ... before that battle, has explained:

''It is not about Lowland Syria or Phenicia, not even Egypt, but that it will be crucial for supremacy over all of Adzeia (Asia)''.

In fact, there was no great need to encourage them to great deeds with a long speech because it was innate to them, but more because everyone should think within himself of the order in danger and of complete silence... and for the strong fighting cry ... to follow the commands wisely and to transfer them quickly to the battle lines; most of all, keep in mind everyone; most of all, everyone should keep in mind that the danger for everyone depends on his carelessness, and that complete success depends on his consistency. With these words and the like, he briefly encouraged them, and the military leaders replied that they had faith in him. He then ordered the army to feed and rest.

Permanion came to him in the tent and advised him at night to attack the Persians ... Аnd the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy he replied:

'' It is a shame to steal the victory, and that the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy should win openly and without deception....

Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy as a rule he risked in his battles, but still considered the night too dangerous, and also in the defeat of the Great Ruler Dariy,

'' covert attack under the veil of night would be an excuse for the Great Ruler Dariy not to admit he is the worse commander of the worse army ''.

The Great Ruler Dariy's army was deployed as follows:

On its left wing stood the Bactrian cavalry and with them the Dais and the Arachots. The Persians lined up after them... the Suzutzi followed, followed by the Cadusians... From the right wing, on the other hand, were the cavalry from Koilesiria and Mesopotamia ... and the Midianites, ... the Parthians and the Sakites, ... the Tapurs and the Hyrkans and .... the Albanians and the Sakesinite. In the center where the ruler Dario himself and his relatives were, the bodyguards stood... The elephants and fifty horse-drawn carriages - the scythed chariots that were stationed near the Great Ruler Dariy's reign ... the Danai's mercenaries, were lined up on both sides of the ruler and the Persians nearby, just opposite the Makedonian phalanx...

The army - the Makedonian phalanx of the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy was lined up as follows:

Its right wing was occupied by the Makedonian cavalry of the "Hetairoi" - unit heroes, and in front of it stood the ruling detachment, led by Ephexion, was the commander of the bodyguards of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy, who was not of a the ruler unit but WERE OBLIGED TO PROTECT THE RULER - THE Vasileos IN BATTLE paied from the Makedonian people. Until that time, Klito was in charge.... The commander of the entire cavalry of the "Hetairoi" was Philota, son of Parmenion. The phalanx of the Makedonians was preceded by the first auxiliary detachment of the scythed chariots of the Makedonian cavalry, followed by other shield-bearers, led by Nikanor, son of Parmenion ... On the left wing of the Makedonian phalanx stood the detachment of Crater, son of Alexander, and Crater himself commanded with the left wing of the infantry ... the cavalry of the allies lined up, led ... Erigoy, son of Larich. Next to them ... were the Dzetsalians, led by Philip, son of Menelay. The entire left wing was ruled by Permion, Philota's father, and the Farsal cavalry...

Such was the deployment of Makedonian forces on the front line. But he set up a second line, so that his phalanx would be two-sided ... Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy ordered the commanders of the second battle line, as soon as they noticed, that the Persians were surrounding their people, to direct themselves against them and to take a blow at the barbarians. Where the front made a bend ... either to pull the phalanx deeper or to narrow it, half of the Agryans of the ruling detachment were lined up on the right wing ... Next came the Makedonian archers ... and archers from the so-called mercenaries-veterans... In front of the Agrinians and the archers, the scout horsemen were lined up ... and the Payonians ...

The Paeonian light cavalry led by Ariston also took part in the Makedonian campaigns to the east. The Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy and the Makedonian army were greeted everywhere as liberators by the conquered peoples under Persian rule.

Ariston in battle Paeonian coin

But before the whole battle line stood Menid's mercenaries ... In front of the ruling detachment ... stood half of the Argyans and the shooters of Valakras - Va la k ra s (not Balakros),...

VAlakras son of Nicanor, he was a Makedonian, he was primarily one of the six bodyguards of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy, then promoted to strapia of Silisia after the battle of Is, where he was also allowed to forge his own coins. (It must be emphasized at that moment that Silicia was very significant and of fundamental importance for the Makedonian campaign, the first on the ydar on the front with the Persians, it is especially important to ensure the background when Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy was on a campaign against Egypt and Kyrania, Valakras must have been very capable).

,... These parts of the army took up positions opposite the scythed chariots.

The armies from all over the right camp were deployed of the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy as follows:

At the left end ... on that wing the Thracians were lined up, under the leadership of Sitalk, followed by the allies cavalry ... In front of all the armies from that sector, the mercenary cavalry was lined up on the front ... under the leadership of Andromache ... Thracian infantry were added as reinforcements. And the whole army of the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy consisted of 7,000 cavalry and about 40,000 infantry.

As the two armies approached, one could see the Great Ruler Dariy and the Persian bodyguards ... both the Indians and the Albanians and the Cririans ... standing directly opposite the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy and his ruling detachment.

Then the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy, after encouraging his right wing to move forward, led his army, and the Persians moved forward, giving the greatest weight to their left wing..... When he saw that the Makedonians were moving on a steep, steep terrain, the Great Ruler Dariy was afraid that his war chariots would come out useless, so he ordered him to attack the left wing with the cavalry in the front of the right wing, commanded by Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy himself and prevented him from moving further.

The attack of the war chariots

Then the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy ordered the Payonians ... and the mercenaries to enter into battle with the Scythians, as a result of which the barbarians were repulsed.... However, the Bactrians, and the other parts, approaching the Payonians and the strangers ... and managed to continue the fight the fight on horseback. And many soldiers of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy fell, repressed by the large number of Persians ... But the Makedonians withstood their attacks and attacking them according to the combat units, broke their battle order.

Meanwhile, the Persians sent their war chariots directly to Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy, ... to break up the fighting order of the phalanx. But here they were mostly deceived: because as soon as they approached, they started shooting at the Agrinians and the spearmen under the leadership of Valakras....

The Agrinians special forces of the Makedonian army

,.. And so it happened that the chariots remained unharmed, but also those against which they were directed ... But later these chariots were defeated by the cavalry of the Makedonian army and the ruling corps guard.

When Darius had brought all the infantry, Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy ordered Aret to attack the cavalry that was circling around their right wing (typical of the Parthian cavalry). He himself led his army in a column; but when the cavalry was sent to help those who turned around on the right wing and somehow left a gap in the battle line of the Persians, the emptiness was given to them and, making a wedge-shaped battle line from the cavalry of the Cheta Heroi - unit heroes and from the part of the phalanx that was deployed at that place, he led them twice and with a strong fighting shout directly to Dariy .... there was a fight head to head; but then the Makedonian cavalry and Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy himself strongly attacked the enemy, actually beating them with their fists, blinding them with the glare of the sun from their lorandite coated shields and cutting off the faces of the Persians with spears.

And the Makedonian phalanx, compacted and frightened by the Makedonian spears, had already attacked them and the Great Ruler Dariy... everything around him seemed terrible and he himself first turned and ran away. The Persians, who were trying to block the right wing with their horses, were frightened by the strong attack of Aret's army.


The Makedonian cavalry - Cheta Iroi in a wedge formation under the leadership of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy struck with all their might, and the Makedonian phalanx, compacted and terrifying with the Makedonian spears - ''sor and osa'', has already attacked the Persians and the Great Ruler Dariy,... everything around seemed terrible to him, and he himself, the Great Ruler Dariy, first turned and ran away. Were frightened by the strong attack of the Makedonian phalanx and those Persians, who were trying to block the right wing with horses from the strong attack of the Makedonian army.

Part of a relief from Lymyra, Lycia. 4th century BC, Makedonian phalanx - formation


,... There was indeed a great escape of the Persians in this place, and the Makedonians followed and killed the refugees ....

... it was reported that the left wing of the Makedonians was in trouble ... and there was a fierce action ... the captured Persians themselves, when they entered, joined them in the action and attacked the Makedonians. However, the commanders of the Makedonian armies that formed the reserve for the first phalanx ... wisely returned to the forehead, according to the original orders, and thus appeared in the background of the Persians; and there they killed many of those who had surrounded the animals with their equipment. Some turned away and fled. The Persian army on the right wing, having no idea that the Great Ruler Dariy had already escaped, rode around the left wing of the Makedonian army and attacked the Makedonian army led by Parmenion.....

''It is assumed that the dog of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy - Beritas - (January) - white, snow, was a rare species of white sharplanine, was a Sharplanina dog.

There are such Sharplanins in Makedonia

The Adzaian ancient historian Plutarch in his biography of Vasileon Makedonon writes in one passage that Alexandroy's dog, named Beritas, died defending his master and fell mortally wounded in the master's lap. Thanks to Beritas, a city named after him was built. According to the preserved sculptures, Beritas looks like today's a rare species of white Sharplanina dog.

It is interesting that this dog probably wrote the ancient history, because without him Alexandroy would have lost his life. When Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy was attacked in battle by a large number of Persian soldiers of Great Ruler Dariy 3-th, Beritas jumped and bit the lip of one of the war elephants that was rushing towards to the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy thus saving the life of his master who went on to conquer the then known world ''.

,... At this, the Makedonians were primarily between two fires. Parmenion sent to the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy ... a messenger ... that his army was in a desperate position and needed help. When this was announced to Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy, he stopped the chase and after turning with the cavalry of the Companions - Company Heroes, he turned to the right wing of the Persians. And he first attacked the fleeing enemy cavalry, and from them the Parthians and the Indians, as well as the Persians.... And here took place one of the fiercest cavalry battles of the whole battle ... The Persians turned and clashed head-on with the Makedonian armies led by Alexandroy... everyone was trying to find their way through everything that would stand in their way... Without forgiveness, they were cut and cut as fighters who do not fight for the victory of another, but for their own salvation.

And here fell about 60 companions of Alexandtoy and was wounded by an arrow in the hand and Ephexion himself, as well as Coen and Menida. But the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy held on. And those Persians who broke through the armies of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy fled as headless. But Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy was now ready to face the enemy right wing. Here, too, the Dzetsalian cavalry, gloriously fighting, was not below in the battle of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy, but because the barbarians from the right wing had already fled,when Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy clashed with them, Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy returned and began to persecute the Great Ruler Dariy again ... And the armies of Permionion pursued the opponents who fled before them....

From the Makedonian army died over a hundred, and wounds and stress from chasing a thousand horses ... And from the barbarians said that three hundred thousand had died, but that the number of those who had been captured was greater than the dead, as well as the elephants and chariots that had not been destroyed in battle.... And the prophecy of the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy came true, that in the same month in which the moon will be eclipsed, there will be a battle of the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy and his victory...

Immediately after the battle, the Persian Ruler Dariy go to Media, and with him the Bactrian cavalry escaped ... the Persians from the ruling family ... 2,000 foreign (Danai's) mercenaries.

... And Persian Ruler Dario was not deceived, because after leaving Arbela, the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy immediately went to Vavylon (not Babylon) ... when the Vavylonians met him en masse, with the priests and chiefs, each of them offering gifts to the city and the fortress and wealth....

Entry of the Makedonian phalanx into Vavylon - a scene from Oliver Stone's film "Alexander"

Entry of the Makedonian phalanx into Vavylon - a scene from Oliver Stone's film "Alexander"

Entry of the Makedonian phalanx into Vavylon - a scene from Oliver Stone's film "Alexander"

Entry of the Makedonian phalanx into Vavylon - a scene from Oliver Stone's film "Alexander"

,...When the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy arrived in Vavylon, he ordered the Vavylonians to rebuild the temples that Persian Great Ruler Xerxes had demolished ...

...From Vavylon to Susa the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy arrives in twenty days. And after he arrived in the city and took the fortune of about 50,000 talents of silver and everything else from the ruling property ... and all that Great Ruler Xerxes had brought from his campaign in Dzeia (Europe).

After rising from Susa and crossing the Passitigar River, it invaded the land of the Uxians.....

After this he went to Media and understood that the Persian Ruler Dariy was there...

The Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy, when he realized that he could not catch up with the Persian Ruler Dariy in a hasty pursuit, he stayed there for five days and rested the army..... when he heard that, the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy rushed even faster ... for the Persian Ruler Dariy understood that he was really captured and that he was carried in a closed car and that power had been handed over to Bes...

Those who captured Persian Ruler Dariy decided that if they understood that the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy was persecuting them, they would hand Persian Ruler Dariy over to Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy, in order to gain his favor.

If they understand that the Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy is back, they will gather as much army as possible so that they can jointly defend the country...

After hearing that, Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy decided to continue at the highest speed...”

Arian, Alexandroy's Anabasa ..., book.3, 8-16, pg.75-85;

One of the six famous helmets of Zopirion, war lord of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy (died 331 BC) was found in Olanesti, a village in the area of Stefan Voda '' Stafan cel Mare '', in Moldavia.
Makedonian warlord Zopirion leads 30,000 troops in Scythian-Ghettian campaign in northeastern of Makedonia.

So while Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy was at war with Persia, he also waged a military campaign against the Scythians. The military campaign was successful, but on the way back the Makedonian army was decimated by constant attacks by numerous Scythians.
Thus, in the late autumn of 331 BC, behind the border and the Istar River in present-day Romania, the Ghettians dealt the final blow to war lord Zopirion's Makedonian army. It was also considered as revenge for the campaign of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy in 335 BC when he destroyed much of their land.

And these archeological findings are from that period, for sure.

Already in the winter at the end of the same year, Zopirion and his army disappear through the fields of the Istar (Danube).

Source - History of Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy, book 10 by Quintus Curtius Rufus. It is also mentioned in Justin.

According to the archeological findings, Crimea was under Makedonian rule, a wrought iron helmet from the Makedonian phalanx with fragments of silver (of the Makedonian cavalry) is today in the museum of San Petrovgrad, meaning modern science, hiding.

According to the archeological findings, Crimea was under Makedonian rule. Protective armor from the Makedonian phalanx with the image of Medusa - today it is in the museum of San Petrovgrad.



''There Are Two Kinds of People - Makedonians, and Everyone Else Who Wish They Was Makedonian. '' - Vasileon Makedonon Alexandroy




The Battle of Ara Bellas (White Ara) was an armed conflict in 331 BC where the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy - Makedonia defeated the Great Ruler Dariy 3 - th - of Persia. The battle is also called the "Battle of Gaugamela", but it is an Arabic name

  - The Makedonian phalanx and allies under Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy with 7,250 cavalry and 40,000 infantry, (according to Arrian)

The detail is later, another story

  - Persians under the Great Ruler Dario probably with 20,000 mostly heavy cavalry, 230,000 infantry (including about 10,000 Danai's mercenaries). The actual number of the Persians is not established, but it is known that they were much more numerous than the Makedonians.

The Persians were on the battlefield even before the battle itself began. The Great Ruler Dario recruited the best cavalry from his satrapies and from the allied Scythian tribe. The Great Ruler Dario also prepared the scythed chariots for which he had prepared a clear field in front of his troops. Also the Great Ruler Dario had 50 Indian war elephants supported by Indian chariots, although they played no part in the battle. Before the battle, the Great Ruler Dario ordered all vegetation on the battlefield to be uprooted so that he could operate the scythed chariots as well as possible.

The Great Ruler Dario himself stood in the middle with the best infantry, according to Persian military ruler custom. He was flanked, on the right, by Carian cavalry, Danai's mercenaries and a Persian cavalry guard. Between the center and the middle he placed his infantry guard (Immortals), Indian cavalry and his Mardian archers.

On both wings was the cavalry. Bess commanded the left wing with the Bactrians, the Dachaean cavalry, the Arachrosian cavalry, the Persian cavalry, the Susian cavalry, the Cadusian cavalry, and the Scythians. The chariots were placed in front together with a small group of Bactrians.

Madze commanded the right wing with the Syrian, Median, Mesopotamian, Parthian, Sakian, Tapurian, Xirkanian, Albanian, Sakesian, Cappadocian and Phrygian cavalry. The Cappadocians and Phrygians were placed in the foreground and led the attack. The Albanian and Saxezian cavalry were sent to surround the Makedonian left flank.



- A leader before a battle should think about how to win, not about the consequences of defeat,






- '' Toil and risk are the price of glory, but it is a beautiful thing, to live with courage and to die, leaving eternal glory,''- Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy

The Makedonians were divided into two parts, with the right wing under the direct command of the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy, and the left under Parmenion. The Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy fought with his cavalry companions - Cheta Iroi. With them were the Payones and the light cavalry of Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy. The mercenary cavalry were also divided into two groups, with the veterans on the right wing, and the rest of them in front of the Agrianianss and the Makedonian archers who were right next to the Makedonian phalanx. Parmenion was on the left with the Dzetsalian cavalry, mercenaries and Thracian cavalry units. They were intended to hold back the enemy while the Vasileos Makedonon Alexandroy delivered the decisive blow to the right

The Makedonian phalanx- inspection

Between the right side and the center were Kydonian (Cretan) mercenaries. Behind them was a group of dzetsal cavalry units under Philip's command as well as mercenaries. To the right of them was another part of the allied cavalry. There was also the phalanx, which was positioned in a double line. Due to the fact that they were outnumbered 5:1 in cavalry, the Persian line was 1.5 km longer than the Makedonian line, it seemed inevitable that the Makedonians would be bypassed by the Persians.

The second line of the phalanx was tasked with dealing with this situation if it happened. This second line consisted mainly of mercenaries.

The Makedonian phalanx